Causes, rehabilitation and complications of renal transplantation – Kidney transplant is an operation performedcomplications of renal transplantation by some patients suffering from kidney disease.
In this surgical procedure, the healthy organ is grown from the donor into the body of the patient who carries the disease in the kidney.
Only one kidney is implanted. Any recovering person can live in one kidney Just
Cultivation of kidneys
Why kidney transplantation
This surgery is used to treat kidney failure; It is a condition in which the kidneys do not work together normally,
and only one kidney is the one that performs the functions of both,
and the kidney patients need the final stages of their disease, either by mass washing through the blood purifier, or by transplanting a new kidney to survive
Common Causes of Renal Failure Patients
Chronic and uncontrolled hypertension
Acute glomerulonephritis is an immune infection of the glomeruli of the kidneys and is considered to be the most important causes leading to kidney disease
How is the rehabilitation of the college stage
Doctors at this stage estimate the patient’s condition as to whether or not his kidney transplantation is possible.
It is essential that the kidney patient is sufficiently healthy to undergo surgery and able to take immunosuppressive drugs, which in turn will help the body not to reject the newly implanted organ.
It is taken binding for the rest of his life after the operation, and is known to form side effects that may adversely affect the immune system of the body
Doctors perform tests for the donor’s kidney to verify their compliance, and if successful, the patient undergoes the transplant immediately. This procedure may take about two to four hours.
The new kidney is attached to the bladder and blood vessels. The old kidney is usually left somewhere, or removed if it is diseased or large, to allow the determination of the new kidney status
After Kidney Transplantation
After successful completion, the patient takes doses of immunosuppressive drugs to prevent rejection of the new kidney as mentioned, under the eyes of doctors to ensure the work of the new college as appropriate.
And sometimes the patient may need to be connected to the device of mass washing for days until the readiness of the new kidney to work adequately.
After confirming the normal functioning and stability of the patient’s health can return home within 5 days of the end of the process
Complications that may occur after the procedure
Some complications may arise from new kidney transplantation in some cases such as
Leakage or obstruction in the urethral canal, which reaches the kidney bladder
The failure of the new college
Rejection of the body of the new college
Side effects of anti-rejection drugs
After kidney transplantation, antidepressants may cause many new side effects such as
Excessive hair growth
– Increased risk of cancer, especially skin cancer and lymphoma
– edema (swelling due to an internal pool of fluids under the skin or in one of the cavities of the body)
Increase in weight
It may be necessary for the patient to take some drugs inhibiting the immune system for the rest of his life as mentioned before,
so it is important that the patient is constantly referred to the doctor to conduct tests to detect any problem may appear early because of the rejection of the body of the new member and this is normal
This may increase after a few months of operation, it is better to treat them firsthand.
In contrast to do care, the patient can practice normal life without any problems