– Hemodialysis is one of the methods used to purify the blood. When the kidney fails to do its job to rid the body of toxins, we resort to a special machine that cleanses blood from the sediments, salts, and fluids that exceed the need of the body.
Thus, this machine can preserve human life so that it can exercise its life relatively naturally
The renal dialysis patient must adhere to a strict treatment schedule. Take medications on time.
The decision to dial the renal patient is not the responsibility of the doctor alone, there must be an integrated medical team is to make the decision after the work of all tests and tests necessary for the patient to find out his kidney function
Causes of renal dialysis by blood
Several factors are used to determine the position of resort to renal dialysis or not: public health. Kidney function, such as calculating the filtration rate during renal glomeruli, is done by calculating the proportion of creatinine in blood, age, sex and other factors
Such as polyphonic poisoning, nausea and vomiting, swelling of the body, and general tiredness of the body. Quality of life Personal preferences
Causes of Renal Failure
Renal inflammation (renal glomerulonephritis)
Vascular inflammation of the kidneys
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Acute renal failure due to certain medications, acute illness, complicated surgery or heart attackOther methods of treating renal failure are highly conservative, and this treatment includes treatment of serious complications caused by kidney failure, such as increased blood volume, high blood pressure, and
anemia. It also includes treatment of symptoms that affect the quality of life in the patientKidney transplantation, which is the best and final treatment for those cases, but it, is not suitable for all patients. The advantages of renal dialysis by blood control blood pressure
Maintain balance between fluids and salts in the body, such as potassium and sodium.
Protects people from life-threatening complications
The risk of renal dialysis by blood affects kidney function. Low blood pressure, this occurs during the process of dialysis, especially if the patient has diabetes
This is accompanied by several other symptoms such as shortness of breath, abdominal cramps, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting. Muscle tension, the cause of this is unknown, but is treated by adjusting the table dialysis; also control the proportion of sodium and potassium in the blood
Sleep problems, this is due to sleep apnea disorders, muscle tension in the lower extremities.
Anemia, renal failure reduces the secretion of erythropoietin (responsible for the production of red blood cells from the bone marrow
Anemia also occurs due to severe diet control, low absorption of iron, frequent withdrawal of blood samples for analysis, and removal of iron and vitamins by dialysis.
Bone disease, kidney failure leads to a lack of vitamin D formation which is responsible for absorbing the calcium component needed to form and strengthen bones
The thyroid gland secretion also occurs excessively, leading to calcium deficiency in the bone. Hypertension, this occurs when eating too much salt or drinking large amounts of fluid
Increase the volume of fluid in the body, and this may lead to failure of the heart muscle and swelling of the lungs with fluids. Inflammation of the pericardium surrounding the heart, this may lead to a severe impact on the heart muscle.
The high potassium content in the blood, it is possible to affect the heart muscle by sudden stop
Complications of intravenous catheterization
Including bacterial infection, vasoconstriction, swelling and swelling, venous catheter occlusion
The accumulation of starchy substances in the cells, and this leads to the deposition of proteins in the joints and tendons, causing severe pain and swelling of the joints and muscles
This condition occurs in patients who have been doing dialysis for more than 5 years.
Depression, stress and anxiety
Preparation for renal dialysis by blood Preparation begins several weeks before renal dialysis. Initially, the surgeon performs an arterial vein link (the most common type) for the catheterization of the renal dialysis catheter, where it is ordered by repeatedly drawing blood samples To go to the machine, which purifies the blood and then returns to the body again
There are 3 types of peripheral catheter
Arterial vein link, often in one arm
Make a link between the artery and vein using an artificial tube-shaped patch, and this is used if the volume of blood vessels is very low.
A central venous catheterization is often done in the veins in the neck, but this catheter is temporary.
It is important to follow up with your doctor on where to install the catheter to prevent infection or any other complications