Renal symptoms can be caused by many different diseases, they include; diabetes mellitus, hypertension, some types of infections and inherited diseases.
Patients with kidney disease usually have no symptoms except in chronic cases. If there are renal symptoms, it will include the following:
• Acute pain in epigastric region.
• Excessive sweating especially in face and extremities.
• Increase in blood pressure.
• Marked changes in the color of urine.
• Feeling weak and tired.
• Changes in the frequency of micturition.
In cases of appearance of these symptoms, some tests and investigations should be done. They include:
• Blood pressure: high blood pressure (more than 140/100) is an indicator for kidney disease, especially renal failure.
• Urine analysis: this investigation is used to detect any protein, blood, pus or crystals in urine. This test is an indicator for some renal symptoms, especially urinary tract infection.
• Blood glucose level: to detect whether there is diabetes or not.
Finally to avoid renal symptoms, you should do the following:
• You should see your doctor regularly and take the prescribed medications.
• Physical exercise (30 minutes for 5 days a week) has an important role.
• Your diet should be low fat, salt and sugar content, to avoid diabetes, hypertension and kidney diseases.
• Avoid smoking and alcoholism.